August is National Immunization Awareness Month

You probably know that when you are pregnant, you share everything with your baby. That means when you get vaccines, you aren’t just protecting yourself – you are giving your baby some early protection too.  You should get a flu shot and whooping cough vaccine (also called Tdap) during each pregnancy to help protect yourself and your baby.


Whooping Cough Vaccine:

Whooping cough (or pertussis) can be serious for anyone, but for your newborn, it can be life-threatening.  Up to 20 babies die each year in the United States due to whooping cough.  About half of babies younger than 1-year-old who get whooping cough need treatment in the hospital.  The younger the baby is when he or she gets whooping cough, the more likely he or she will need to be treated in a hospital.  IT may be hard for you to know if your baby has whooping cough because many babies with this disease don’t cough at all.  Instead, it can cause them to stop breathing and turn blue. 

When you get the whooping cough vaccine during your pregnancy, your body will create protective antibodies and pass some of them to your baby before birth.  These antibodies will provide your baby some short-term, early protection against whooping cough. 

Learn more at:  www.cdc.gov/pertussis/pregnant

Flu Vaccine:

Changes in your immune, heart, and lung functions during pregnancy make you more likely to get seriously ill from the flu. Catching the flu also increases your chances for serious problems for your developing baby, including premature labor and delivery.  Get the flu shot if you are pregnant during flu season – it’s the best way to protect yourself and your baby for several months after birth from flu-related complications.

Flu seasons vary in their timing from season to season, but CDC recommends getting vaccinated by the end of October, if possible.  This timing helps protect your before flu activity begins to increase. 

Find more on how to prevent the flu at:  www.cdc.gov/flu

Keep Protecting Your Baby After Pregnancy:

Your OB/GYN may recommend you receive some vaccines right after giving birth.  Postpartum vaccination will help protect you from getting sick and you will pass some antibodies to your baby through breastmilk.  Vaccination after pregnancy is especially important if you don’t receive certain vaccines before or during your pregnancy. 

Your baby will also start to get his or her own vaccines to protect against serious childhood diseases.  You can learn more about CDC’s recommended immunization schedule for children and the diseases vaccines can prevent at:  www.cdc.gov/vaccines/parents

Even before becoming pregnant, make sure you are up-to-date on all your vaccines.  This will help protect you and your child from serious diseases.  For example, rubella is a contagious disease that can be very dangerous if you get it while you are pregnant.  In fact, it can cause a miscarriage or serious birth defects.  The best protection against rubella is MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine, but if you aren’t up to date, you’ll need it before you get pregnant.

Keep in mind that many diseases rarely seen in the United States are still common in other parts of the world.  Talk to your OB/GYN about vaccines if you are planning international travel during your pregnancy.   Read more about it at:  www.cdc.gov/travel

 

All adults should get vaccines to protect their health.  Even healthy adults can become seriously ill and pass diseases on to others.  Everyone should have their vaccination needs assessed at their doctor’s office, pharmacy, or other visits with healthcare providers.  Certain vaccines are recommended based on a person’s age, occupation, or health conditions; such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes or heart disease.

Vaccination is important because it protects the person receiving the vaccine and helps prevent the spread of disease, especially to those who are most vulnerable to serious complications (such as infants and young children, the elderly, and those with chronic conditions and weakened immune systems.

All adults, including pregnant women, should get the influenza (flu) vaccine each year to protect against seasonal flu.  Every adult should have one dose of Tdap vaccine (tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis or whooping cough) if they did not get Tdap as a teen, and then get the Td (tetanus and diphtheria) booster vaccine every 10 years.  Pregnant women should receive a Tdap vaccine each time they are pregnant, preferably at 27 through 36 weeks.

Adults 60 and older are recommended to receive the shingles vaccine.  Adults 65 and older are recommended to receive one or more pneumococcal vaccines.  Some adults younger than 65 years with certain high-risk conditions are also recommended to receive one or more pneumococcal vaccinations.

Adults may need other vaccines (such as hepatitis A, hepatitis B, and HPV) depending on their age, occupation, travel, medical conditions, vaccinations they have already receive or other considerations.

You Might Also Enjoy...

July: Happy Summertime!

When pregnant during the summer, it’s tempting to take some time to lay out in the sun for the idea sun-kissed glow. But before you head out with your swimsuit and towel, consider the way that UV rays affect both you and your baby.